What are STDs?
Sexually transmitted diseases or or venereal diseases are diseases that are transmitted from person to person through human sexual behavior, but often even by simple contact or the use of common objects such as razors or by childbirth or breastfeeding. Sexually transmitted infections have been known for hundreds of years.
What diseases are considered as Sexually Transmitted?
HPV – Condylomas
Genital warts are one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. They are caused by various viruses in the family of viruses human papilloma, HPV – Human papilloma Virus.
They are mainly found in the genitals and the surrounding areas. They often appear in the perianal area, while less often on the face – mouth or other areas of the body.
Genital herpes is an infectious disease caused by the herpes virus. This virus can also infect the skin, mucous membranes, eyes and nervous system.
Molluscum contagiosum (MC) is a viral infection of the skin, which is transmitted by direct contact with skin lesions from person to person, or is spread by scratching. In adults, it is, mainly, considered a sexually transmitted disease, and it usually affects the genital area of man and woman as well as inner thigh. However, it can occur on any part of the body, with simple skin contact in adults and children.
Valanitis – Valanoposthitis
Valanitis is an inflammation of the glans of the penis. Valanoposthitis is an inflammation of the foreskin and glans of the penis. The most common cause of valanitis is a bacterial or fungal infection.
Vaginitis is the inflammation of the vagina due to various germs and fungi. Depending on the pathogenic microorganism that causes it, it is divided into the following categories: trichomonadidal, fungal, bacterial and chlamydia vaginitis.
Chlamydia is an infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia Trachomatis. It is transmitted easily through any form of sexual intercourse (vaginal, anal and oral sex), as well as by our hands after their contact with the genitals.
These are parasites that infect the urethra in men, while in women the vagina and cervix. They are mainly sexually transmitted diseases and are usually accompanied by other diseases such as chlamydia, gonorrhea and others.
It is a fungal infection and is caused by the microorganism Candida albicans.
Fungal infection is a common skin infection, which is caused by various types of fungi and occurs by creating spots on various parts of the body such as the nails, feet, thighs, scalp and genitals.
Vaginitis are inflammation of the vulva, the woman’s external genitalia. It is due to the installation and multiplication of germs in the squamous epithelium of the vulva and is followed by either injury or chronic inflammation of the vagina and uterus.
Blennorrhea – Gonorrhea
It is caused by the gonococcus bacterium known as Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Blennorrhea or gonorrhea is a disease that is transmitted during sexual intercourse. Depending on contact, vaginal, oral or anal, it can affect organs and tissues in these areas.
Non-gonococcal urethritis is a distinct disease entity that often afflicts the patient, as it is a common cause of chronic genital infection worldwide. Risk factor for the disease is age.
Syphilis is a bacterial infection caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum, which initially manifests with ulcers on the lips, tongue, mouth, eyelids, face, chest, fingers, breasts, intestine and perineum in both sexes. Men can develop ulcers on the penis, inside the urethra or on the testicles, while women can develop them outside or inside the vagina, cervix or urethra.
Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver which is usually caused by viruses and is known as viral hepatitis.
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)
HIV is the virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). HIV infects the human immune system and especially T-lymphocytes which play an important role in protecting the body from infections and other diseases.
It is caused by a parasite which is so small that is not visible to human eye and is called dermosarcoptes scabie. Scabies is transmitted through frequent and prolonged contact. It usually occurs in prisons, hospitals, kindergartens and generally in crowded places.
Pthiriasis is caused by a different parasite than head lice and different from pudenda lice. The disease is highly contagious. Lice are feed by blood every few hours and can not survive without it for more than a few days. They lay eggs every day (nits) that stick to the hair.